Albert Einstein wrote an article in 1949 called "Why Socialism?" His answer: the market economy brings crisis, instability, and impoverishment. "The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of the evil." The only way to eliminate this evil, he concluded, was by establishing socialism, with the means of production "owned by society itself." He advocated a planned economy, which "adjusts production to the needs of the community, would distribute the work to be done among all those able to work and would guarantee a livelihood to very man, woman, and child."
John McMillan em Reinventing the Bazaar (que sigo lendo e gostando mais a cada página), mostrando como o famoso físico cedeu às tentações do planejamento centralizado. O texto original de Einstein pode ser lido aqui. Para evitar confundir Einstein com um stalinista de primeira ordem, vale também reproduzir o parágrafo seguinte:
Nevertheless, it is necessary to remember that a planned economy is not yet socialism. A planned economy as such may be accompanied by the complete enslavement of the individual. The achievement of socialism requires the solution of some extremely difficult socio-political problems: how is it possible, in view of the far-reaching centralization of political and economic power, to prevent bureaucracy from becoming all-powerful and overweening? How can the rights of the individual be protected and therewith a democratic counterweight to the power of bureaucracy be assured?
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